Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol. Communications protocols
used to connect hosts on the internet.
The temperature of the air or other medium that
surrounds the components of a thermal system.
Temperature Calibration Point
A temperature at which the output of a sensor is
compared against a standard.
The speed of sound depends on temperature. Deviation can
be up to 0.18%/K. Temperature drift of the ambient air is
mostly compensated within the sensor itself. The
specification for temperature compensation is valid for
Maximum change in output, at any input pressure within the specified range,
resulting from a change in temperature.
The temperature range indicated under ambient conditions
corresponds to the operating temperature range.
Terminal Base Linearity (TBL)
(aka End Point Linearity) A method of defining linearity. The maximum
deviation of any data point on a sensor output curve from a straight line drawn
between the end data points on that output curve.
Theoretical slope for which the theoretical end points are normalized at 0
and 100% of both measurand and output. Interchangeability error is referenced to
Text format refers to information in the ASCII character set. It is
unformatted. Each byte in the file contains one character that conforms to the
standard ASCII code.
Coefficient of Resistance The change in resistance of a semiconductor per
unit change in temperature, over a specific range of temperature.
A measure of the rate of flow of thermal energy through a material in the
presence of a temperature gradient. Materials with high electrical
conductivities tend to have high thermal conductivities.
Thermal Drift Chart
Chart illustrating sensor operating variance due to changes in temperature.
Ratio of available energy to captured energy.
A temperature sensor. The name comes from thermal resistor. It is a
semiconductor that exhibits a large change in resistance as a function of
temperature. Most thermistors exhibit a negative temperature coefficient, where
resistance decreases as temperature rises. These are referred to as NTC
A temperature-sensitive passive semiconductor which
exhibits a large change in electrical resistance when
subjected to a small change in temperature, usually with a
negative temperature coefficient.
Popular temperature sensor because of its low cost, wide
operating range and ruggedness. Consists of two dissimilar
metals joined together, making a continuous loop. When one
junction has a different temperature from the other an
electromotive force (voltage) occurs. There are several
types of thermocouples, constructed from different metals
and with differing temperature ranges and accuracies.
Thermocouple Break Protection
The ability of a control to detect a break in the
thermocouple circuit and take a predetermined action.
A pair of wires connecting a thermocouple sensor to its
reference junction or instrumentation. The electromotive
force (EMF) characteristics of the extension wire must be
similar to the EMF characteristics of the thermocouple.
Technology using silk screened pastes to form conductor, resistor,
thermistors, and insulator patterns; screened onto the substrate (usually
ceramic) and cured by firing at elevated temperatures.
Technology using vacuum deposition of conductors and dielectric materials
onto a substrate (frequently silicon) to form an electrical circuit.
Three Position Step Control
Algorithm that is an extension of ON/OFF Duplex control and includes
internal feedback of the state of the relays. Effect of control action is that
ON and OFF time of output relay changes in proportion to error signal and the
Gain and reset time settings.
Three-Wire Switching Output
Sensors with three leads. Two for the power
supply (+Vcc/gnd) and one for the digital output
Control type that responds to the change in input signal level. Plug-in
amplifiers are either threshold or transition responsive.
Number of results produced per unit of time.
Number of circuits that each individual pole of a switch can control. The
number of throws is completely independent of the number of poles and number of
breaks. A single-pole double-throw single-break switch connects the common
terminal of the switch to the normally closed terminal when the plunger is free,
but connects the common terminal to the normally open terminal when the plunger
is depressed. A single-pole single-throw single-break switch has a common
terminal and either a normally open terminal or a normally closed terminal but
Time required for output of a "First Order Lag" device to reach a percentage
of its final value for a step change in input.
Variation of duplex with Current active for 50 to 100% output and Time
active for 010 50% output.
A time delay is used to delay the output of the sensor.
There is a response as well as a release delay. The response
time delay changes the time period between closing the light
beam and the output switching. The release time delay
enlarges the time between interrupting the light beam and
the output switching.
Time Proportioning Duplex
Algorithm that uses two SPDT relays for Time Duplex Proportional Control.
Normally open (NO) or normally closed (NC) contacts selected by positioning an
Time Proportioning Simplex
Output algorithm that uses one SPDT relay for Time Proportional Control.
Normally open (NO) or normally closed (NC) contacts are selected by positioning
an internal jumper.
Information added to data to indicate the time at which it was collected.
Distance from the plunger free position to the full overtravel point.
Calculates and displays the total flow volume as measured by input or
derived by input algorithm.
A fully packaged, signal conditioned, compensated and calibrated sensor.
Device that converts an input signal of one form (physical quantity) to an
output signal of another form (usually electric). Examples include thermocouples
and photocells. Most sensors are also transducers.
A short surge of current or voltage, often occurring before steady-state
conditions have become established. In electronic usage, usually refers to an
unwanted, temporary, large increase or decrease in a current or supply voltage
that only occurs occasionally. Almost always due to reactive components during
rapid changes in voltage or current.
Circuitry to guard against spikes induced on the supply lines by inductive
sources such as heavy motors or solenoids turning On and Off.
Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL)
Refers to logic circuits consisting of two or more directly interconnected
transistors, to provide conditional switching capability.
Allows light to pass through. Detecting translucent objects is often best
done with retroreflective scan, during which the light must pass through the
object twice, thereby causing more of a signal change (larger signal ratio).
A primary device that translates a process measurement
into a current/voltage signal for long-distance
transmission. A transducer with a current loop output,
typically 4 to 20 mA, enabling transmission of a signal over
a longer distance.
A solid-state device used to switch alternating
A trigger is something that causes a data acquisition system to start
collecting data. It may be as simple as pressing a software button or a set of
conditions which when met trigger data capture (internal triggers), or an
externally generated, hardware signal (an external trigger).
Rejection of the final digits in a number, thus lessening the precision but
not necessarily the accuracy.
TTL (transistor-transistor-logic) requires NPN (current sinking) input
signals. Reliable operation demands maximum input sensor voltage drop of 0.8 V.
Most TTL compatible interface devices have voltage drops of less than 0.7V.
Copper-constantan thermocouple with a temperature range of -200 to 400
Adjustment of control constants in algorithms or analog controllers to
produce control effect.
Cable that consists of individual wires wrapped around each other for
carrying telephone or computer data. Reduces pickup noise levels in signals.
Refers to the target value or where a range is given, represents an estimate
of where 2/3 of the total population of several production runs would be.